According to the ICOMOS Heritage at Risk report of 2000, the historic city of Meknes contains insufficient drainage systems, and as a result, suffers from inundation and leakage in certain areas. Otherwise, Mohammed V Airport in Casablanca, with more international flights and destinations, is conveniently accessible by train. Two train stations are located in the new city district (French: Ville Nouvelle) of Meknes, with trains each hour to the east, west, and north of Morocco. Envie de découvrir Meknès ? Often compared to the Jemaa el-Fnaa square in Marrakesh, el-Hedim Square (Place el-Hedim) is a vast plaza at the southern end of the old city, before the main gates of Moulay Isma'il's former royal palace complex. Son climat est de type Meknes n’est pas une simple ville imperiale. Locate the correct postal codes for Meknes in the list above by choosing the destination city or town you are sending to. Industry in Meknes is of light type, most of it is related to food processing especially in the Commune of Mejjat, and chemical and para-chemical industry in other industrial zones like the Agropolis industrial and agribusiness zone. The complex was also notable for its impressive infrastructure, which included a water supply system with a hydraulic system of wells, norias (water extraction mechanism powered by wheel), canals, and underground pipes which distributed water to the royal city's many buildings. [22][14][13] Labour was carried out by paid workers as well as by contingents of slaves, particularly Christian prisoners of war. Popular Codes. La ville est toujours prospère, profitant des cultures de la riche plaine du Saïs (céréales, oliviers et vignes). Some traditional Muslim authorities and officials were retained, but Meknes was reorganized under a new French municipal and military regime. [7], Volubilis, a major Roman-era settlement in Morocco and one of its early urban centres, is located near the site of the current city of Meknes. [14][16] The Marinids also carried out major restorations to the Grand Mosque in the 14th century and built the major madrasas of the city near it. [18]:234[15]:129, 138, Whatever the reasons, Ismail made Meknes the center of Morocco in his time and he embarked on the construction of a new monumental palace-city on the south side of the old city. La ville de Meknès a été pensée comme le Versailles du Maroc. Meknes is considered to be the capital of agriculture in Morocco. Ville calme, épanouit et moderne de nos jours fut l’une des villes les plus puissante du royaume vous racontant les histoires les plus fascinantes du Maroc. Vous avez également la possibilité d’afficher les parkings dans la ville Meknès, l’information trafic en temps réel pour cette localité, ainsi que les stations de service. Les onze unités représentent une capacité litière de 1.042 lits, informe le délégué préfectoral du tourisme à Meknès, Ahmed Khemlichi. EIle fut une impressionnante cité de style hispano-mauresque ceinte de hautes murailles percées de portes monumentales qui montre aujourd'hui l'alliance harmonieuse des styles islamique et européen dans le Maghreb du XVIIe siècle. La ville historique de Meknès a exercé une influence considérable sur le développement de l'architecture civile et militaire (la casbah) et des ouvrages d'art. La période coloniale a donc été une phase primordiale pour la ville de Meknès. Moulay Ismaïl created a massive imperial palace complex and endowed the city with extensive fortifications and monumental gates. [6] It is the seat of Meknès Prefecture and an important economic pole in the region of Fès-Meknès. cluster dedicated to agribusiness. [18]:234 The Mellah was located between the old medina, west of Place el-Hedim, and the more outlying quarter of Madinat al-Riyad al-Anbari. Moins touristique que Marrakech, Tanger ou Casablanca, la ville de Meknès mérite pourtant d'être davantage connue. La répartition de la population par préfecture et province fait ressortir la prédominance du bi-pôle Fès Meknès qui représente presque la moitié de la population totale de la région (47%). [19] The city was neglected and many parts of the enormous imperial kasbah fell into disrepair. Aujourd’hui encore, protégée par une quarantaine de kilomètres de murailles défensives et de 15 m de hauteur, percées de neuf portes monumentales, elle a conservé d’imposants monuments clés, dont vingt-cinq mosquées qui lui valent le surnom de « ville aux cent minarets ». Meknes (Arabic: مكناس‎, romanized: maknās; Berber languages: ⴰⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ, romanized: amknas) is one of the four Imperial cities of Morocco, located in northern central Morocco and the sixth largest city by population in the kingdom. "New Report Highlights the World's Most Competitive Cities", The World Bank, web: "International Agriculture Show in Morocco", SIAM, web: Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", "Note de présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014", "Les inscriptions de Bab Mansur al-'Ilğ: déchiffrement et traduction", "Les relations entre ville et ensemble palatial dans les " villes impériales " marocaines : Marrakech et Meknès", "Trois mois après le drame de la mosquée Khnata Bent Bakkar à Meknès : Retour chez les miraculés", "Meknes, the city of endless heritage | Saad Guerraoui", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "El Hadi Ben Aïssa : Le symbole de la délivrance", "Mausoleum of Sidi Ben Aïssa | Meknes, Morocco Attractions", "Borj BelKari Museum | Meknes | Morocco Guide", "Détermination de la structure géologique de la partie Sud de la plaine du Saïss (bassin de Meknès-Fès, Maroc) par la méthode géoélectrique", "English Presentation of Meknes Agropolis", MEDZ, CDG Group, web, "توقيع توامتين مع سونون الفرنسية و طولكرم الفلسطينية", http://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/meknes-mar-mek-mek.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meknes&oldid=1013849967, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A large network of buses that cover all the area of the. Présentation du Centre Le contrat et son financement Le contenu et les objectifs [7][8][9]:176 Some sources attribute the founding of the city of Meknes to this Almoravid foundation. [15][17] Upon Rashid's death in 1672, Moulay Isma'il became sultan and chose Meknes as his new capital. Carte et information utiles sur la ville de Meknès, fait par et pour les Meknassi. Industries develop around the city's perimeter, but at the same time the old elites and bourgeois families move away to the coastal cities like Casablanca and Rabat. The main historic monuments of the city are concentrated in the medina (old city) and the vast former Kasbah of Moulay Ismail to the south. [18] The threat of Ottoman attacks from the east (from Algeria) and the increasing insecurity in central Morocco due to tribal migrations from the Atlas and Sahara regions may have also persuaded Ismail that Meknes, situated further west, was more defensible than Fes. [12][8] However, at the beginning of the 13th century the Almohad caliph Muhammad al-Nasir (ruled 1199–1213) rebuilt the city and its fortifications, as well as its Grand Mosque. The most notable monuments are listed below. The current city and its name, however, originate with a Berber tribe called the Miknasa, originally from the Tunisian south, who dominated this region and much of eastern Morocco as early as the 8th century. He refortified the walls and built new monumental city gates such as Bab Berda'in and Bab Khemis. Trois oueds traversent la ville de Meknès suivant une orientation SE /NO et qui font partie du bassin versant de l’Oued R’dom, affluent de l’Oued Sebou d'Est en Ouest. Meknès, classée au patrimoine mondial de l’humanité par l’Unesco en 1998, est l’une des quatre villes impériales du Maroc dont elle a été la capitale pendant une longue période. It was composed of several autonomous palaces along with vast gardens, religious buildings, and other amenities. Agropolis welcomes investors in a first-class environment offering infrastructure that meets international norms as well as a wide range of real estate services, notably equipped plots of land and delegated management possibilities at competitive rates. The lands around Meknes area are known to be fertile and productive. Meknes lost its status as capital and suffered damage in the 1755 earthquake. The nearest airport is Fes-Saïss Airport (IATA: FEZ, ICAO: GMFF) accessible only by road transport. Just use our lookup by address feature at the top of the page or click on the our interactive map to access your needed zip code. Faculty of Sciences - FS, created in 1982, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences - FLSH, created in 1982, Normal Superior School - ENS, created in 1983, Faculty of Juridical, Economical and Social Sciences - FSJES, created in 1993, Superior School of Technology - EST, created in 1993, National Superior School of the Arts and Professions - ENSAM, created in 1997, Faculty of Science and Technology - FST, created in 1994, Poly disciplinary Faculty - FP, created in 2006, Superior School of Technology - EST, created in 2014, This page was last edited on 23 March 2021, at 19:56. Large scale rural migration increases the population of the city and intensifies the urbanization process (as elsewhere in the country). The year 2016 marks a new era of industry in the city of Meknes; it includes electrical wire, embedded systems, and automotive parts production companies. Lorsque des voyageurs, des écrivains, et même des journalistes touchent aux bords de Meknes tous se veulent être témoins d’une époque qui a marqué Le Maroc. "Mayor roles and responsibilities", Meknes Web Site, web: "Prefect Biography", Meknes Web Site, web: "Meknes Elevation and Altitude", Elevationmap.net, web: El Khammar, Abdeltif (2005). The city is accessed via the A2 expressway with two exits, one to the east of the city and another to the west. [49] Two of those three competitive African cities are Moroccan: Meknes and Tangier. The city became a transportation hub for people and goods traveling from east to west or from north to south across the country, in addition to hosting extensive military barracks. [7] The city recorded a population of 632,079 in the 2014 Moroccan census. In addition to his possible attachment to the city as a governor, a number of reasons may have favoured this choice. He left this open space as a public square to separate his palace from the rest of the city. Its climate is similar to some inland cities in southern Portugal (such as Beja or Évora) and some areas of southern Spain. [13], Following Moulay Isma'il's death, however, the political situation in Morocco degenerated into relative anarchy as his sons competed for power. Livestock raising, particularly sheep and cattle, is widespread. [10][15] The Dar al-Kebira, however, was abandoned and progressively transformed into a residential neighbourhood where the inhabitants constructed their houses within and between the former palace structures of Isma'il's time. It occupies the site of the city's former medieval kasbah (citadel) and stretches over an area approximately four times larger than the old city itself. [15], It wasn't until the Alaouite dynasty in the second half of the 17th century that Meknes received renewed attention. Autrefois capitale de l’empire de l’Extrême Occident témoignant du règne du sultan Moulay Ismail 1672-1727. Argentina. A propos de nous | Tous les endroits | Contactez-nous. Jusqu'en 1912 [réf. [13][15]:55 The Mosque of the Kasbah (the later Mosque of Lalla Aouda) was also founded and first built in 1276. ville impériale du Maroc. It also contained numerous monumental granaries and underground warehouses which stockpiled supplies that could allegedly sustain the city for a siege of ten years. Meknes is located in a strategic position in the heart of Morocco. To the west are the two largest metropolitan areas of Morocco: Casablanca and Rabat. [8] The Almoravids founded a fortress or fortified settlement just south of these villages after conquering the area in 1061, originally called Tagrart or Taqrart. Sa population est proche du million d’habitants. The winter highs typically reach only 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) in December–January, whereas night temperatures average 5 °C (41 °F). In addition to Moulay Ismail University, numerous private institutes for higher education exist in Meknes. Elle est construite sur un plateau d’une altitude de l’ordre de 500 m et s’étend sur une superficie de 4560 km2. [26][27][28][9], One of the last constructions before his death, carried out between 1721 and 1725, was the Heri al-Mansur, a palace on the far southern edge of the kasbah which included vast stables.